There are many learning disorders which may affect your child’s performance in school and dyslexia is just one of them. It is, however, quite prevalent and it is being discovered more and more often. In fact, some studies estimate that anywhere between 5 and 10% of the whole population has some form of dyslexia, and some researchers go so far as 17%.
If your child is having learning issues at school, you might want to consult some experts like https://pacificcoastadvocates.com/ who are experienced speakers on the behalf of children with learning disabilities. It is important to learn as much about dyslexia if you suspect that your child may have this issue.
What Exactly Is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability which stems from the child’s inability to decode the words by separating them into phonemes. It can create difficulties in recognizing words, whether they are spoken or written, as well as a difficulty in reproducing them, both orally and in written form.
This ultimately leads to a gap forming between the child’s ability and their overall performance in school. Dyslexia doesn’t necessarily lead to poor performance at school, but it does hinder achievements to some degree, depending on the severity of the condition. In the best case scenario, the child needs to put in extra work and energy into their work just to keep up with their peers.
However, more often than not, by the time they reach the third grade, they are expected to read and write with ease and fluency which may prove too challenging for them and they may start falling behind.
Signs of Dyslexia
There are some telltale signs which might indicate that your child is, in fact, suffering from this condition. When it comes to young preschool children, the most obvious sign of trouble would be if their speech is delayed. Most children follow the same timeline of development, and if your child is not speaking when they are expected to, it might be due to their inability to properly parse and form words.
Similarly, if they have issues with differentiating left from right or following simple commands, or cannot learn simple rhymes, that might be a cause for concern.
When children reach the school age, the problem can become more apparent, as they are unable to copy notes from the board, or show significant difficulties when reading. Similarly, they may present with a problem when speaking out new words. They may also become increasingly frustrated with this situation, which might negatively affect their behavior at school.
Can Teachers Help?
The answer to that question is unclear. On the one hand, they spend a lot of time with the child, and they should know what the child is capable of, regardless of their test results. Teachers are trained to help your children learn to read and write using different methods, so if they notice that none of them are working, despite the child’s normal intellect, they may come to a conclusion that there is a learning disability. If, however, you feel that the teacher is not doing enough to help your child, there are other options, like advocacy which can help you come to an agreement with the school about the proper course of action.
However, on the other hand, teachers are not qualified to recognize or diagnose such problems, and in order to be sure that the child does, in fact, suffer from dyslexia, an expert testing is required.
How Do They Diagnose Dyslexia?
If you ask your school district to evaluate your child, they will set up a test which measures your child’s reading and writing abilities to see whether there is a lag, but they will also test for other factors which could lead to this result, like hearing or vision impairment, intelligence, and social factors.
If they establish that the main cause of the problem is indeed dyslexia, the school will need to set up a specialized plan for your child in order to facilitate their education. If, however, you are not satisfied with the report from your school district, you have the right to ask for an outside opinion by a speech therapist or a psychologist. They will conduct their own tests and provide you a report which you can use and present to the school district as well.
If it turns out that your child has dyslexia, it is up to you and the school to make sure that they get the best possible education, so don’t be shy to work together with teachers and school officials to help your child.