What Causes Acne – Common Reasons your Face Breaks Out

Acne affects many people around the world. Every year, more than 50 million people in America contract a variety of illnesses, and based on research finding by the American Academy of Dermatology, the most common skin ailment is acne.

Acne is caused by blockage of skin pores by oil, bacteria or dead cells. Each pore on your skin open up to a follicle right below your epidermis. Inside each follicle, there is a sebaceous gland and a single strand of hair.

The sebaceous gland excretes sebum, the oil responsible for lubricating your skin. Nevertheless, if your body experiences hormonal variations, excess sebum is secreted, which causes your pores to block, leading to an inflammation that manifests as acne. The most common location is around the face.


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Unfortunately, hgh can cause other issues such as acne. The most common kind of acne, vulgaris, typically arises due to change in your hormonal levels in your body. This kind of issue is common in teenagers. Acne arises due to an increase in levels of androgen.

As levels of androgen increase, your oil gland, found directly under the skin, enlarges and begins to produce more sebum. Once your pores fill up with sebum, surrounding cells rapture causing an uncontrollable growth of P.acne.The blockage manifests as swollen reddish pimples – acne.


Like hormones, genetic may also cause acne to breakout. In fact, genetics is the main reason why most people are immune to acne. One study, which assessed 458 participants, found out that genetic explain about 81 percent of the prevalence while 19 percent of the case were explained other non-shared factors.

Another research study looked at differences in the rate of acne among first-degree relations for both controls and patients. In this study, there were 204 patients with acne while another 144 participants were used as a control.

It was found that a person with a first-degree relation with acne stood a high chance of developing acne as well. Thus, genes cause acne in a number of ways including through skin sensitivity. A person who is prone to acne has skin that easily secretes oil and tends to shed off dead cells.

What cause Pimples

Pimples sprout fast, almost overnight. However, a detailed look will tell you that pimples form through a complicated process. A number of factors cause pimples. What is certain is that anyone can have pimples, although they are very common among teenagers.

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Teenagers endure the most of acne due to changes in hormonal levels. When the levels rise, your sebaceous gland causes an increase in sebum, which is somewhat waxy and is produced to keep the body moisturized.

However, if your body is experiencing hormonal variations, your pores will tend to clog. Moreover, the sticky sebum collects all kinds of dirt including debris and dead cells, and this plugs your follicles.

Thus, to prevent the formation of pimples often means finding what causes them in the first place.

What Causes Breakout

Knowing the reason you have a breakout needs you to consider many aspects. There are many reasons as to why you may have a breakout, but the most common one is fluctuation hormone levels.

Diet is considered a potential culprit, although most dermatologists feel this is highly debatable. Most dermatologists passionately oppose the assertion that there is a strong link between diet and acne. The reason is that no study done on this area has found anything conclusive.

However, if you work with greasy foods most of the time, you are likely to suffer from acne. Fast food and restaurant workers encounter grease and fat a lot. They end up developing acne because oil accumulates on the skin blocking the hair follicles.

On the list of factors that cause acne is makeup. There has been a lot of debate on whether makeup can cause acne. Putting on some makeup causes your acne to flare up, but it does not really cause acne.

Acne and Stress

First, it is best that you get one thing clear. Stress does not cause acne definitively, but it can worsen a pre-existing condition. At exceedingly high levels, stress causes the production of androgen, which causes the sebaceous gland to release sebum. Consequently, oil builds up causing acne. In fact, women have a greater chance of developing acne because they produce a lot of sebaceous oil.

Final Word

Acne is a distressing condition, especially if your skin secretes a lot of oil. However, knowing the cause means you are one step closer to having smooth skin. If your acne is bothering you too much, speak to a dermatologist so that you can find out the best way to fight it.